It is a neurodevelopmental disorder that can be spotted at an early age (before the age of 2). There is not yet a specific treatment for autism. Symptoms of autism It is important to note that autism presents a wide range of symptoms and a person with this disorder may present one or more of these symptoms.
In addition, autism is often accompanied by other disorders or other pathologies such as trisomy 21, epilepsy or hyperactivity. This is also why we talk about autism spectrum disorders because the term autism has a wide range of very different characteristics. Here are a few examples:
- Problems communicating: the affected person may repeat pieces of sentences repeatedly (also called echolalia). In addition, people on the autism spectrum may have difficulty understanding the second degree. , are sometimes unable to put themselves in the other’s shoes or have difficulty expressing their emotions.
- Obsessive interests: repetition for example of words or gestures (also called stereotypy). Focus on a single center of interest.
- Repetitive behavior
- Hyper sensory sensitivity
- People with the characteristics of autism have extremely heterogeneous symptoms.
Diagnosis of autism
The diagnosis of autism can be made in early childhood but can be done throughout life. It will allow people with autism to be supported by a multidisciplinary team, whether they are children or adults. Indeed, progress is possible throughout life. This will also allow the autistic person and those around them to understand certain symptoms or behaviors and above all, allow themselves to be “different”.
The name Asperger’s syndrome has not been used since 2013 because it is included in autism spectrum disorder. Its characteristics can be from mild to severe and can change in intensity as a person develops. The characteristics of people with Asperger’s syndrome are very broad, like all people on the autism spectrum. Here are some of them:
- Impaired verbal and non-verbal communication
- Difficulty decoding facial expressions
- Difficulty creating social ties
- Difficulty in emotional exchanges (friends and lovers)